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An Alternative Measures Procedure will utilize select isolation points and safety mechanisms of the equipment or alternative protection components and controls on machinery to remove the hazards in the machine zone to perform the specified task.
Use of alternative protection components and controls require additional analysis to ensure they are sufficient and designed to control the hazards, removing additional risk of harm to the employees by not performing a full machine lockout/tagout.
Alternative Measures Procedures cover the full range of de-energization methods to help provide an alternative to a full lockout where alternative protective measure procedures tended to focus more heavily to controls based documentation which falls under lock out.
Exception to paragraph (a)(2)(ii):
Minor tool changes and adjustments, and other minor servicing activities, which take place during normal production operations, are not covered by this standard if they are routine, repetitive, and integral to the use of the equipment for production, provided that the work is performed using alternative measures which provide effective protection (See Subpart O of this Part).